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Dressing "onion" or, to put it more clearly, in layers is the best technique for choosing what to wear when setting off on an excursion or a trek. Today, technology provides us with solutions that guarantee much higher comfort than the old fibers used, such as wool, cotton, flannel, felt, etc. , at prices, in some cases, even very low. The goal of technical clothing is to maintain a constantly comfortable temperature and microclimate around our body, regardless of the weather conditions and the physical effort we are making. We can achieve this thanks to fibers, fabrics and membranes that guarantee us, depending on the occasion, thermal insulation, breathability, lightness and impermeability.

Intimate Layer - Base Layer
The underlayer, which can also be used alone on hot days, must first of all be breathable and its primary function is to remove moisture from the skin. For this reason, in the manufacture of technical underwear, water-repellent fibers are used which do not absorb humidity and dry very quickly.

Thermal Layer - Mid Layer
The thermal layer is made up of one or more garments (depending on the environmental conditions) which all have the same common denominator: LIGHTNESS. For this purpose, modern fleece or microfleece (or other similar polyester fibres) perform this function perfectly, while guaranteeing excellent thermal insulation and good breathability at the same time.

Outer Layer
The shells, or jackets, are the outermost layer of the onion and have the main function of waterproofing, but only in one sense. In fact, a good shell is waterproof only from the outside in, blocking the intrusion of water or cold air, while it is breathable from the inside out, favoring the dispersion of perspiration from the inner layers.


Footwear is perhaps the most important part of a hiker's equipment. Our feet are our most precious resource and must be treated with due care, protecting them from bad weather and unexpected events. A good trekking shoe or boot will be solid, comfortable, not restrictive (we recommend at least half a size more than your size), waterproof (preferably with a Gore-Tex membrane as it allows for good breathability) and will have a sole that guarantees excellent grip on any type of terrain (the advice is to prefer shoes or boots with Vibram soles). But better a low shoe or a boot? Personally I prefer and recommend boots as they protect the foot better and above all help prevent any ankle sprains.

Trekking Accessories

This is an indicative list of what I recommend to bring with you for a trek or excursion if accompanied by a Guide, to be adapted on the basis of any indications provided.


Water bottle/bottle for at least 1.5 liters of water (avoid alcohol or sugary drinks)
Telescopic sticks (if to your liking)
Snacks and energy bars
Spare socks and clothing
Rain shell
Flashlight (preferably frontal)
Multipurpose knife


Sun hat
Synthetic towel


Gloves and Hat
Snow gaiters
Neck warmer
Thermal underwear
Thermal socks
Thermos with hot drink

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